Harold Zvi Rabbie's Roots

Dutch Sephardi and Ashkenazi Family History

My ancestors were Dutch Jews with origins in Portugal, Turkey, and Central Europe, who migrated to the Netherlands, and from there to England and other parts of the world. In 1811-12, all Dutch citizens had to take a surname. This was the origin of my father's surname Rabbie, and my mother's surname Pampel. Following the German occupation of the Netherlands in 1940, hundreds of family members were deported and murdered in Nazi concentration camps.